The 1985 World Chess Championship was played between Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Kasparov. The game was held between September 3 and November 9, with Kasparov emerging as the thirteenth and youngest world champion.
- Garry Kasparov was born on April 13, 1963, in Baku, Soviet Union. The country is now called Azerbaijan.
- Kasparov became the world's youngest-ever undisputed World Chess Champion by defeating the then-champion Anatoly Karpov. He was 22 years old at the time.
- He was the highest-rated chess player until 2013, when Magnus Carlsen surpassed him.
- Garry Kasparov held the FIDE world title for eight years until 1993.
- He later formed the Professional Chess Association after a falling out with FIDE.
- In 1997, Garry Kasparov became the first world champion to lose to a computer playing under standard time controls.
- Garry Kasparov continued to hold the world Chess Championship until his defeat by Vladimir Kramnik in 2000.
- The chess champion retired from professional chess in 2005 after many years of success in the industry.
- In 2013 Garry Kasparov fled Russia for fear of persecution and settled in New York for a while. He later obtained Croatian citizenship in 2014 and has lived in the country since then.