Lewis and Clark Expedition first sights the Pacific Ocean

November 7, 2021

On November 7, 1805, Captain William Clark wrote in his notebook about “great joy in camp.” Clark believes the Lewis and Clark Expedition is finally in sight of the Pacific Ocean. Imagine the depth of their joy after so long in the wilderness.

Unfortunately, Lewis and Clark may not have actually seen land that November day. However, evidence supports that on November 7, 1805, the Expedition was still twenty miles from the Pacific Ocean.

After paddling for weeks down the Columbia River, Lewis and Clark noticed that the landscape was different. Finally, it is believed the Expedition reached the point where the Columbia empties into Gray’s Bay.

One clue comes from the Expedition’s naming of Pillar Rock, a curious basalt column that rises fifty feet above the bay. Gray’s Bay is a dangerously storm-tossed brackish estuary the Expedition was forced to take shelter from for a week as waves pinned them down in camp.

The Lewis and Clark Expedition was only able to cross the estuary with the help of indigenous peoples. The Clatsop people mastered ocean-going canoes that could combat the brutal Pacific Northwest’s weather.

There is even an account in the Expedition’s logs of Sacagawea getting seasick trying to cross the estuary.

Finally, on November 24, 1805, Lewis and Clark reached the open Pacific Ocean.

As most American school kids learn, the Lewis and Clark Expedition represents Americans’ determination to complete a challenging task. The Expedition was a search for the famed Northwest Passage, a sea lane across the American continent.

As for November 5, it is entirely possible Clark saw the Pacific Ocean beyond Gray’s Bay. However, Gray’s Bay has its name for a reason.


  1. Rose Matty

    I love history especially ancient like Greek, Sparta, Alexander the Great, the pyramids,
    Patton and Rommel.

    Gandhi and living the life of non violence, how can that idea be incorporated here today in America.

    • Mstone

      If you like history. Gandhi was NOT a non violent man.

      • Mike

        I believe that. He harbored a lot of hostility and resentments that has carried on into today

  2. Tim Wilson

    December 7 1941. A day that will live in infamy.
    My dad lived in a rural area. Said all guys wondered where pearl harbor was. 3 years later he was in Europe with air Corp.


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