1957 President Eisenhower orders US troops to support integration of nine black students at Little Rock Central High School

September 23, 2021

1957 President Eisenhower orders US troops to support integration of nine black students at Little Rock Central High School

On September 4, 1957, 9 black students, historically known as the Little Rock Nine, were denied entry by armed troops in the Arkansas National Guard, resulting in an altercation. Images of the African American students being screamed at, mocked and spat on became national and international news which meant something had to be done to resolve the issue.

It eventually led to President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Governor Faubus reaching an agreement that the Arkansas National Guard would remain stationed at the school to enable the African American students to attend. However, when the governor returned to Arkansas, he removed the National Guard troops and left the police to deal with the security.

On September 23, 1957, when the Little Rock nine tried to enter the school, they had to use a side entrance to avoid a hostile mob of 1,000 that had formed outside. Unfortunately, a riot erupted that day, and the police were forced to evacuate the African American students for their safety. It was then that the Mayor of Little Rock, Woodrow Mann, requested the president to intervene.

Upon receiving the news, President Dwight D. Eisenhower was not too pleased, and he, being a military man, did not want his orders undermined. He felt that Governor Faubus had been insubordinate. On that same day, Sept 23, the president issued an executive order 10730, which kept the Arkansas National Guard under federal authority. He also sent 1,000 US Army troops from the 101st Airborne Division to the location to ensure the order as the Central High School desegregated.

3 Comments

  1. Tamla

    My heart broke for the Young Lady who was harassed by That White Girl in 1957. When they met on Oprah over 30 Years Later she “apologized” saying that her Family was scared because something would happen to them, etc. You knew The Woman was still very prejudiced and a bigot.

    Reply
  2. Barbara Keene

    Thanks for another history lesson. I have
    always enjoyed reading what took place in
    the past.
    There is always a new story to be heard.
    I enjoy hearing about my own family so
    parents, grandparents and old friends keep
    your young ones informed about your own
    families’ history.

    Reply
  3. Dorothy Guillory

    Thanks for reminding us of this historical moment, when President Eisenhower steered this country in the direction of morality and equality.

    Reply

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